In this study, an anonymous survey was sent to first, second, and third year medical students that included various questions about their study habits, as well as their course grades (A, B, C, or fail) and, if applicable, their Step 1 score. Liles J, Vuk J, Tariq S, 2018, 'Study Habits of Medical Students: An Analysis of which Study Habits Most Contribute to Success in the Preclinical Years', An innovative approach to publishing in medical and health professions education, ***Early-bird rate closes 4th December*** The Society of Academic Continuing Medical Education. These were the top 5 study habits of medical students. It should also be noted that our Step 1 scores and pre-clinical year grades were self-reported, which introduces the possibility of error secondary to inaccurate reporting. However, the best students will often not have to alter their study methods at all for medical school. “Study hard and do well in your clinical years” was advice I heard a lot, but hardly pointed the way to success. Once data was collected, results from SurveyMonkey were imported to Excel and transferred to IBM SPSS-22 program. Following along closely with this data is the fact that students who made A’s were able to review all lectures before the test, while a strikingly less number of C students were able to do so. As medical students we study and work hard to invest for hopefully a bright future, but we must physically, as well as mentally develop ourselves. Many of these techniques may actually work (for someone at least), but they’re only effective if you can consistently apply them. You will have turbulence. If you’re in need of a good study method, I’m sure you’ll love this blog post about the top 5 study methods for medical school! Though almost all students who are accepted into medical school were at the top of their class in college, medical school represents unique challenges to students due to the sheer volume and breadth of information such that students who previously did well academically may be forced to find new ways to study effectively. Study Habits of Medical Students: An Analysis of which Study Habits Most Contribute to Success in the Preclinical Years Jenny Liles, Jasna Vuk, Sara Tariq Institution: 1. Kumar, A. D., Shah, M. K., Maley, J. H., Evron, J., Gyftopoulos, A., & Miller, C. (2015). Results demonstrated that students who made all or mostly A’s during their M2 year earned higher Step 1 scores than students who made mostly B’s or 1 or more C. One-way ANOVA revealed a statistically significant difference among the four groups, with F(3)=18.09, p< 0.01, and effect size of 0.32. Re-watching lectures was not a habit employed often by successful students, as 22 (44%) all A students never re-watched lectures and the other 21 (42%) all A students only reported re-watching lectures one to two times per week. Also, students who elected to respond to the survey may have been the students who performed better in class and on Step 1, which could have skewed our data. The pen is mightier than the keyboard: Advantages of longhand over laptop note taking. Study habits of students who are successful in their preclinical courses is therefore of interest to medical educators. An hour or two of studying a day is usually sufficient to make it through high school with satisfactory grades, but when college arrives, there aren't enough hours in the day to get all your studying in if you don't know how to study smarter. This is so much better than getting ready to study, only to first spend the first half hour to plan exactly what you’ll be doing. Was the study only with Med students from University of Arkansas? Students who made mostly A’s fell in the middle, with 24 (42%) studying more than 6 hours a day and 28 (49%) studying 3-5 hours a day. Disclosure: This post may contain affiliate links which means I may get a commission if you make a purchase through my link at no additional cost to you. Now I’m going to assume you know the difference between active and passive learning. For instance, I love using flashcards as my study method. It should also be noted that while significant differences emerged between Step 1 scores and class grades, these trends are not absolute. Effective habits of medical students, however, include planning their time off and when they’ll stop working. Next, how do you obtain the information from your instructor? The most commonly reported resources used were First Aid (Le & Bhushan, 2015) and Pathoma (Sattar, 2011), with greater than 75% of students from all groups reporting consistent use of these resources. I hope you were able to take away just one point and now intend on applying it to your own system. Education and Information Technologies, 14(3), 255–283. When assumptions of chi-square statistics were not met and expectedfrequency of any cell was less than 5, exact chi-square and Monte Carlo chi square statistics were conducted. How long they spend their time in class? Next July she will began her residency in Dermatology at Medical College of Georgia in Augusta, GA. She has a passion for medical education and hopes to continue to make teaching a part of her career. Finally, most students reported handwriting their notes without much difference in success. Like some of the other studies on this topic, it offers further support for what many of us academics have been telling our students. Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice, 21(2), 389-399. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10459-015-9637-6. The findings are interesting, and help to discourage the philosophy that the pre-clinical years “don’t matter”. But if you looked a bit closer, you’d realize that she had large chunks of time dedicated for work, but very little structure within these hours. Being aware of this helps separate the students who continue to ace their. Describing the study habits that correlate with a high score on the NMUE will be a great benefit to medical students who prepare for this exam in the future. Murre, J. M., & Dros, J. Twenty-four students (42%) who made mostly A’s went to class 3 days a week or more (see Figure 1). These results were not associated with statistical significance. The overall conclusion is that while it may be helpful to re-watch parts or all of lecture that were poorly understood, this should not be a primary way of studying, and it should not replace physically attending lecture. You can learn more about this in this video where I show you how I plan my day in medical school. The student does a complete 180. Similarly, the qualitative study by Abdulghani et al. Bad Study Habits that Keep You from Being the Best Student You Can Be. Today she shares with us tips for developing study habits, preparing for the MCAT, the 7-year BA/DO program that she’s currently attending, the tools and resources she used along the journey, and just a little bit of everything. But they can also be more long-term (ie. But compare how you would respond to turbulence as the captain vs. the student. Note: Want to learn how to study in medical school? Le, T., & Bhushan, V. (2015). Coumarbatch, J., Robinson, L., Thomas, R., & Bridge, P. D. (2010). Adoption by them of the study habits of A students (even assuming they are able to do so) may not lead to improvement. This study showed relatively better eating habits and health attitudes among the medical students than pharmacy students. I have many posts and videos on the topics if you don’t. The habits presented here are meant to be a guide that may be of assistance to students whose current study habits are not working well, as we present some concrete examples of ways to do well in class. Once they find something new and intriguing, they give it a shot. But when students and residents applied spaced repetition strategies in their studying, they significantly outperformed their counterparts, with some studies showing close to 40% greater learning retention. Students who go to class and spend 6-8 hours studying daily with use of only a select few outside resources tend to perform better in class. Of course, study is an art and as such it requires practice. So find your clock out time and find your day off. If I have an amazing method but poor execution, my grades are going to reflect the latter. Table 2. Table 1: Means and Standard Deviations of USMLE Step 1 Scores of Students in Four Groups. Family Medicine, 42(2), 105-110. Students should be told early on in their 1st year that Step 1 is a critical component of their residency application, and that the material they learn in the first two years (as reflected in their pre-clinical grades) will have an impact on how well they do on Step 1.Our data supports the idea that time spent studying for classes during the first two years prepares students for success on Step 1. Read journal articles or medical blogs about topics that interest you. Volunteer experiences are just as important and give medical students a … This is the key to effective study habits of medical students – they focus on the whole picture. The studying will then become something that you can bear if not enjoy! What factors determine academic achievement in high achieving undergraduate medical students? You can find that. A large percentage ofstudents who made mostly C’s reported the use of outside video lectures while a much smaller proportion of A students used such resources. Students who made A’s almost always reviewed the lecture the same day it was given, while C students almost never did so. Next being focused provides you a visual system that you can tinker with. In contrast, students who do not go to class, spend time re-watching lectures online and using multiple outside resources (including online video series) do not perform nearly as well in class. A final trend regarding successful students that emerged was that these students tended to limit their use of outside resources to 1-2 well known and well established resources such as Pathoma and First Aid. Does the mind map learning strategy facilitate information retrieval and critical thinking in medical students? This way she can sit down and know exactly what’s need to be done. This was in contrast to the C students, where 5 (63%) reported re-watching lectures five days per week.